Trade and Industry

Trade and Industry (195)

Industrial policy forms the core of TIPS’s work. In this context, TIPS supports the Department of Trade and Industry (the dti), the Departmenet of Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation (DPME), the Department of Science and Technology (DST) and several other departments and stakeholders with targeted studies to support policy development for industrial and trade policy as well as manufacturing growth.

TIPS undertakes research, among others, into national and regional sectors, value chains and clusters; the impact of state and private institutions on manufacturing  growth and diversification; the barriers to entry to small and medium enterprise in manufacturing; the extent and nature of innovation; and the impact of manufacturing on broader economic growth and development, income distribution and job creation.

Trade research has also been an important research area of TIPS since its establishment.  TIPS has looked at many different aspects of international trade, including country studies, trade policy, export development and the relationship between trade and industrial policy. 

See past projects

  • Year 2017
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Neva Makgetla
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The current electricity model incorporates a paradox in which continual increases in price contribute to falling demand, which in turn leads to higher unit costs and prices. In this context, high levels of capital expenditure by Eskom have become a critical cost driver. The contradictory response of raising prices in…

  • Year 2017
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Sandy Lowitt
The paper considers new heterodox theoretical contributions to the industrial policy debate in developing countries. Specifically it focuses on the challenge of “getting industrial policy right in circumstances where the country is run by flawed leaders presiding over a politically weak and internally fragmented state” (Change 2010). The paper covers…

  • Year 2016
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Dr Faizel Ismail
  • Countries and Regions Africa
This paper reviews the state of play of the African regional integration agenda, inspired by the vision of the Abuja Treaty and Agenda 2063. It argues that the Continental Free Trade Area (CFTA) negotiators should adopt a “development integration” approach to ensure that the outcome of the CFTA benefits all…

  • Year 2016
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Dr Tracy Ledger
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This working paper presents an analysis of the dominant and growing agri-food system in South Africa, focusing on power and governance as two key factors that critically influence system outcomes. Current approaches towards agricultural development (including food security) tend to under-theorise these issues and thus they may not receive the…

  • Year 2014
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Wendy Nyakabawo
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Special economic zones (SEZs) emerged internationally as a policy to support industrial development in particular by providing for the introduction of targeted incentives and infrastructure. Internationally, despite their name, they are often effectively delinked from specific geographic areas in order to achieve these aims. This is especially useful where government…

  • Year 2014
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Gaylor Montmasson-Clair; Katlego Moilwa; Georgina Ryan
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Programme (REIPPP) was established to encourage new entry into the market. The Regulatory Entities Capacity Building project review of the renewable energy sector includes: Assessing the problems and difficulties in implementing South Africa's first option for the expansion of renewable energy through feed-in tariffs…

  • Year 2014
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Reena Das Nair; Gaylor Montmasson-Clair; Georgina Ryan
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The National Energy Regulator of South Africa (NERSA) is the regulatory authority established in terms of the National Energy Regulator Act, 2004.  The Regulatory Entities Capacity Building project will provide a comprehensive review of the regulators' role, linked with the policy framework and powers.  The review includes: Examining the linkages with…

  • Year 2014
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Sheila Farrell; Saul Levin
The South African Ports Regulator, established in terms of the National Ports Act 12 of 2005 is a relatively new institution. Time taken to establish the institution has meant it has only recently begun to be effective. Over the past three years it has flexed its regulatory muscle with significant revisions…

  • Year 2013
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Sheila Farrell
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Ports Regulation: Are we achieving the objectives of the Ports Act? Comparisons with Ports Regulators from India, Australia and elsewhere (19 November 2013). Presentation by Dr Sheila Farrell, Imperial College London:
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  • Year 2012
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Chonzi Mulenga
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC), Zambia
Intra-Industry trade (henceforth IIT) has generally been perceived to be a feature of the industrialized countries. As the past few years have seen a rapid increase in Zambia's trade with its trading partners in the SADC, trade statistics reveal that a substantial part of such intra-SADC trade is in fact…

  • Year 2012
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Stephen Timm
For South Africa, the promotion of small businesses remains key to creating jobs and a more equitable economy. Evidence from Chile and Malaysia – both countries with similar emerging economies as South Africa – reveals that by partnering to provide finance and business support, the government and the private sector…

  • Year 2012
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Sandy Lowitt
This paper forms part of a broader research project TIPS has been involved in around common regional industrial policies. It provides an overview of key issues in global industrial policy literature. It begins with a brief examination of the link between industrial policy and development and the differences between the…

  • Year 2012
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Sandy Lowitt
This paper forms part of a broader research project TIPS has been involved in around common regional industrial policies. It looks at three examples of regional integration: the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the European Union and Mercosur. The focus is on understanding the drivers and motivation for regional…

  • Year 2011
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) William S. Mbuta
The absence of growth in intra-SADC trade in industrial products since the tariff phase-downs were initiated prompted by the ratification of the SADC Protocol on Trade in 2000 continues to generate interest amongst policymakers and other stakeholders as it appears that removal of market access constraint alone is not a…

  • Year 2011
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) B Seetanah; K Padachi; R Juwaheer; R V Sannassee; M Lamport; U Subadur; J Matadeen
This paper models tourist arrivals into Mauritius from various parts of the world with a view to understand the contribution of different determinants in explaining the success of the island as an international tourism destination. A dual methodological approach was adopted namely panel date and survey frameworks. Results from the…

  • Year 2011
  • Publication Author(s) tralac
  • Countries and Regions Southern Africa Customs Union (SACU), Southern African Development Community (SADC)
For many of the African states, negotiations to liberalise trade in services is a relatively new phenomenon. For the Southern African Customs Union (SACU) member states, the only experience acquired on this subject was during multilateral negotiations in the context of the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS). Now…

  • Year 2011
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Countries and Regions Southern Africa Customs Union (SACU), Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Evidence based policy making is critical for developing sound and relevant government policies. The process of evidence based policy making by definition allows one to monitor specific variables to determine the efficacy of a government intervention. Accurate data and sound data analysis are needed to achieve particular objectives. In the…

  • Year 2011
  • Organisation TIPS
This note highlights the pattern of South Africa, European Union and Asia trade over the period 1990-2009. The note pays particular attention to trade flow changes between South Africa and the EU and compares these to the changes in the trade flows between South Africa and Asia. The note also…

  • Year 2011
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Roman Grynberg
The purpose of this paper is two-fold. First it is to review Botswana's competitiveness policy in the 10th National Development Plan, (NDP10 -2009-2016), National Export Strategy (2010-2016) and what are its conceptual foundations in the works of Michael Porter (1990). This will help explain the direction of trade and development…

  • Year 2011
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Stephen Timm
In its efforts to craft a new economic growth path and assist small businesses, South Africa could do well to look to emerging economies such as Brazil and India, which have attracted much attention in their recent efforts to create greater and more equitable economic growth. The aim of this…
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  • Year 2010
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Ximena Gonzalez-Nuñez
South Africa's trade policy has undergone much change as the country approaches its second decade of democracy. In particular, of more recent interest on the global sphere, and hence on the domestic front, have been the trade issues du jour, including trade in services and behind-the-border issues such as non-tariff…
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  • Year 2010
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) TIPS
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This report takes a closer look at the trade and the trade agreements between South Africa and its free trade agreement (FTA) partners. Although the pace of unilateral trade reform has slowed, trade liberalisation has occurred through the negotiation of a number of bilateral trade agreements.

  • Year 2010
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Norma Tregurtha;Nick Vink;Johann Kirsten
This report reviews the performance of the South Africa's agricultural sector over the past 15 years; with special emphasis on the period 2004-2007 and identifies the main agricultural policies and support instruments introduced since 1994. The report also assesses their impact on the structure and performance of the sector.

  • Year 2010
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Tsitsi Effie Mutambara
This paper examines the pattern of trade between IBSA countries for the period 2001-2008. We find that trade between the countries has been on the increase. After the IBSA initiative was established in 2003, each country recorded a significant growth in its trade with other IBSA countries in 2004, leading…

  • Year 2010
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Evans K. Chinembiri
This study seeks to model the effects of trade on employment in South Africa in a Labour Demand framework. The study uses aggregated data, as opposed to a number of studies that have used either factor content or growth accounting approaches. The paper specifically seeks to determine the extent to…

  • Year 2010
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) G.L. Jonas Capôco
There is an increased recognition that actions to address climate change and the environment are intimately linked to economic growth and sustainable development goals and needs. Actions to promote increased resilience to climate change impacts and a lower greenhouse gas (GHG) emission economy in Southern African Development Community (SADC) fall…
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  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Marcel Kohler
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Trade patterns change as a result of the international specialisation of production and the increased integration of world markets. This is especially evident in small open economies such as the countries that make up the SADC region. In 2000, the share of SADC industrial production that was exported stood at 12%;…
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  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Publication Author(s) Albert Makochekanwa
  • Countries and Regions South Africa, Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Information on the impact of immigration on a host country's trade with particular reference to the African continent and the SADC region remains scant, if indeed it is ever available. This study seeks to fill this gap with an analysis of data. More specifically, the main objective of this study is…

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Countries and Regions Africa

  • Year 2009
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
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