TIPS is deeply saddened by the passing of Professor Ben Turok. TIPS worked closely with Ben over the past few years as he used his leadership role in the Institute for African Alternatives and the New Agenda journal to open space for engagement on heterodox responses to the socio-economic challenges facing South Africa. Ben was an inspiring orator and a prolific writer who played an important role in economic thinking and policy advocacy. From his contributions to the Freedom Charter 70 years ago to his recent work on structural inequality and economic dependency in modern South Africa and the continent, he promoted a vision of a more inclusive and equitable society. He was deeply concerned about the persistence of profound inequalities in wealth, incomes and power in South Africa, as well as the slow pace of structural transformation in African economies. He will be missed.