Trade and Industry

Trade and Industry (210)

Industrial policy forms the core of TIPS’s work. In this context, TIPS supports the Department of Trade and Industry (the dti), the Departmenet of Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation (DPME), the Department of Science and Technology (DST) and several other departments and stakeholders with targeted studies to support policy development for industrial and trade policy as well as manufacturing growth.

TIPS undertakes research, among others, into national and regional sectors, value chains and clusters; the impact of state and private institutions on manufacturing  growth and diversification; the barriers to entry to small and medium enterprise in manufacturing; the extent and nature of innovation; and the impact of manufacturing on broader economic growth and development, income distribution and job creation.

Trade research has also been an important research area of TIPS since its establishment.  TIPS has looked at many different aspects of international trade, including country studies, trade policy, export development and the relationship between trade and industrial policy. 

See past projects

  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) TIPS
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This report attempts to provide an overview of South Africa's industrial landscape during the 1990s, focusing on growth and sectoral shares in value-added at a detailed 46-sector level. Use is made of the TIPS South African Standardised Industry Database, which offers long-term trends spanning 1970 to the present for 46…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) James Hodge
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Telecommunications services are an important focus for most industrial countries in the current round of trade talks in services. Initial negotiating positions and country requests by these industrial countries all call for full liberalisation of the sector. James Hodge reports that SADC countries have already embarked on reform in telecommunications…
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  • Year 2003
  • Author(s) Kennedy Mbekeani
  • Countries and Regions Mercosur (Common Market of the South)
The Cancun Ministerial Conference ended on 14 September after Chairperson Luis Ernesto Derbez concluded that members remained entrenched on the "Singapore" issues. Shortly before 18:00 Cancun time, Mexican Trade Minister Luis Ernesto Derbez formally closed the Fifth Session of the WTO Ministerial Conference, without agreement on a Ministerial Text. The…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation SATRN
  • Author(s) Gape Kaboyakgosi
  • Countries and Regions Botswana
In this report we make an assessment of the transport sector in Botswana by analyzing policy and performance in the air and road transport sectors. The study had several other objectives among which was to identify reform needs for the two sectors, facilitate ease of comparison among SADC countries and…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation SATRN
  • Author(s) Felix Maonera
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
The international commodity market is increasingly characterized by a fall in the relative value of products mainly due to increased competition. Because of the competitive pressures in the global market place, it is not surprising that exporters from economies that rely relatively more for their well being on the export…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) Faizel Ismail
  • Countries and Regions European Union (EU)
This paper will begin by outlining the policy framework that informs EU trade policies and will set out a development perspective that informs the evaluation of EU trade policies. The paper then discusses the issue of adjustment in the EU and evaluates the EU track record in key industries of…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) Ximena Gonzalez-Nunez
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
The SADC Free Trade Agreement (FTA) came into effect recently. Periodic examination of intra-SADC trade flows is an important element of monitoring the impact of the FTA.
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) TIPS
  • Countries and Regions European Union (EU), South Africa
Of concern to domestic policy makers is that trade between Finland and South Africa is very much biased in favour of the former country. Set against this backdrop, Trade and Investment South Africa (TISA) of the South African Department of Trade and Industry (DTI), together with the Finnish Embassy in…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) Carol Molate and Dirk van Seventer
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The Trade Performance Index (TPI) is a tool developed by the International Trade Centre (ITC) for assessing and monitoring the multi-faceted dimensions of export performance and competitiveness of countries and their principal export sectors. At present, the TPI covers 184 countries and 14 different sectors. It reveals how competitive and…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) TIPS
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This report attempts to provide an overview of South Africa's industrial landscape during the 1990s, with specific emphasis on growth and sectoral shares in exports at a detailed 46-sector level. If one of the objective of the policies adopted during the middle of the 1990s was to bring about a…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) TIPS
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
In spite of the trade liberalisation efforts that have characterised the 1990s, it is apparent that imports by the manufacturing sector have remained more or less constant in real terms, whereas imports by agricultural industries have witnessed a decline in imports. Declining imports of business services have also been manifest…
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  • Year 2003
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) Donald Onyango
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Only a handful of sectors have shown an increase in their demand for labour, amongst others, Leather Products, Plastic Products, Wood and Wood Products, Wholesale and Retail Trade, Printing and Publishing, Medical Services, Basic Chemicals and Other Chemicals and Television and Communications Equipment producers (Table 17). In terms of labour…
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  • Year 2003
  • Author(s) Dipak Mazumdar; Dirk van Seventer
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The small and medium enterprise (SME) sector in South Africa has been the focus of attention since the first democratic elections in 1994. Not only does the sector offer the opportunity to enhance entrepreneurship amongst previously disadvantaged communities in South Africa, but it is also seen as one that has…
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  • Year 2003
  • Author(s) Elna Moolman
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Policy makers in the public sector are often faced with requests for financial and other support of investment projects and incentive schemes. Frequently, such requests are accompanied by or require economic impact analyses of some sort. Economic impact assessment of investment projects can be undertaken at various levels. At one…
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  • Year 2002
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) Al Berry; Magali von Blottnitz
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY South Africa has, since 1994, been faced with the double challenges of re-integration into global markets as a global economy, while at the same time positioning itself to realise the high expectations of its populace regarding a successful transition towards a more democratic order. To achieve…
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The SADC Free Trade Agreement, which came into being at the beginning of 2000 is up for a mid term review during 2004. The agreement is characterised by complex and restrictive rules of origin. Using references to case studies, Frank Flatters argues that if rules of origin were used simply…
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  • Year 2002
  • Organisation ERSA, University of the Witwatersrand
  • Author(s) Johannes Fedderke
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
South Africa's democratic transition now lies close to a decade in the past. The transition carried with it much by way of hopes in terms of greater access by its population, not only to an improved rights environment. It was envisaged that the political self-realization of all South African citizens…
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  • Year 2002
  • Author(s) Paul Dunne; Richard Haines
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
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  • Year 2002
  • Organisation National Treasury
  • Author(s) Matthew Stern; Nnzeni Netshitomboni
  • Countries and Regions East African Community (EAC), Southern African Development Community (SADC)
The US Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA), which was promulgated in October 2000, claims to “move Africans from poverty to prosperity by increasing their economic opportunities.” The Act extends Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) status for qualifying African countries to September 2008 and expands the existing list of 4…
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  • Year 2002
  • Organisation TIPS; WITS
  • Author(s) Rossana Achterberg
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
Rapid technological change has impacted on the provision of telecommunications in South Africa, as in other countries. The increasing capacity of fibre optic networks, the growing powers of computers, the growth of satellite communications and other broadband developments are major factors influencing growth. Data to support an "information society" is…
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  • Year 2002
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) Hildegunn Nordas
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper discusses one aspect of the somewhat discredited "new economy" namely the impact of information and communication technologies on the growth in volume and diversity of producer services. It provides an analysis of data on developments within transport, communications, finance and business services in South Africa and discusses the…
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  • Year 2002
  • Organisation TIPS; UCT
  • Author(s) Melvin Ayogu
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The government of South Africa comes across clear in enunciating its goals for the reform of public enterprises. According to the Minister of Public Enterprises, “restructuring” is the generic term taken to represent the set of strategies employed by the state to ensure that public enterprises in South Africa are…
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  • Year 2002
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) Anton Eberhard
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper is essentially a scoping exercise to explore the type of issues that might arise for South Africa in WTO energy service negotiations. The background to the current round of negotiations in energy services is explained, including the uncertainties that remain in classifying energy services. The extent and diversity…
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  • Year 2002
  • Organisation IFPRI
  • Author(s) James Thurlow
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
This paper assesses the economy-wide impact of implementing and financing a universal or basic income grant (BIG) in South Africa. The various financing scenarios suggested by the proponents of the grant are presented, and these are compared using an applied general equilibrium model for the South African economy. The results…
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Saturday, 15 June 2002

Cancun: Crisis or Catharsis?

  • Year 2002
  • Organisation TIPS
  • Author(s) Bernard Hoekman
  • Countries and Regions Mercosur (Common Market of the South)
During September 10-14, 2003, WTO members met in Cancun for a mid-term review of the Doha Round of trade negotiations, launched in November 2001. Trade ministers entered the 5th WTO Ministerial divided on agricultural and non-agricultural negotiating modalities, on whether to launch negotiations on the so-called Singapore issues and their…
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  • Year 2002
  • Author(s) Anton Eberhard
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
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  • Year 2002
  • Author(s) James Thurlow; Dirk van Seventer
  • Countries and Regions South Africa
The paper reports on the construction and testing of a Standard International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) computable general equilibrium model for South Africa. A 1998 social accounting matrix (SAM) for South Africa is compiled using national accounts information and recently released supply-use tables. By updating to a recent year,…
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  • Year 2001
  • Organisation SADC
  • Author(s) Peter Coughlin; Musa Rubin
  • Countries and Regions Southern African Development Community (SADC)
This report is the culmination of a study of the textile and garment industries in the member states of the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC). Based on fieldwork mostly done between October 2000 and April 2001, the project produced country reports for each of the 11 countries that are signatories…
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  • Year 2001
  • Organisation The World Bank
  • Author(s) Jeffrey Lewis
  • Countries and Regions South Africa, Southern African Development Community (SADC)
In this paper, we examine the changing role of trade in South Africa and SADC from different vantage points. We first review progress in liberalizing South Africa's trade regime, and conclude that, while signs of progress are clear, the levels and complexity of protection continue to pose barriers to the…
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