Printing and publishing 2021


Printing and publishing subsector includes the production of printed material, including recorded media. It excludes the associated pre-production services such as content production and advertising and graphic design that are crucial in its value chain. The subsector is dominated by a few large vertically integrated players that have significant stake in successive aspect of the value chain.

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Other subsector notes

Basic chemicals and pretroleum


Capital equipment

Clothing, footwear, leather and textiles

Electronics and precision equipment

Food processing

Furniture and manufacturing activities not elsewhere classified

Glass and non-metalic minerals

Metal and metal products

Other chemicals, rubber and plastics

Transport equipment

Wood and paper